Oscar Wilde was an Irish poet and dramatist who became
popular because of his comic masterpieces, “Lady
Windermere’s Fan” and “The Importance of Being Earnest”.
He also wrote other celebrated works, such as the novel
entitled “The Picture of Dorian” and a fairy tale
entitled “The Happy Prince”.
Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin on October 16, 1894 to
Lady Jane Francesca Wilde and Sir William Wilde. He
finished his B.A. in 1878 from Magdalene College in
Oxford. In 1882, he did lectures in Canada and the
United States and he eventually resided in Paris by
1883. During the mid-1880s, he was a regular contributor
to Pall Mall Gazette and Dramatic View. He married
Constance Lloyd and had two sons with her but their
marriage ended in 1893.
Wilde’s fame ended when his intimate relation with Lord
Alfred Douglas paved the way to his court case on
homosexuality charges. He was convicted to the crime of
sodomy and was penalised with two years of hard labour.
During his ordeal, he wrote “De Profundis” which was a
monologue and autobiography addressed to Alfred Douglas.
The last work he did was “The Ballad of Reading Gaol”,
which revealed inhumane prison conditions at that time.
Wilde died of cerebral meningitis on November 30, 1900
at the age of 46.